Climate experts say they predict an above normal rainfall across Uganda between the months of March and May. A statement from the just ended 33rd Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum held in the Burundian capital, Bujumbura, says that areas such as Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, the lower parts of South Sudan, south western and central Ethiopia, western and central Kenya as well as western half of Tanzania would experience near normal to above normal rains.
A statement from the just ended 33rd Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum held in the Burundian capital, Bujumbura, says that areas such as Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, the lower parts of South Sudan, south western and central Ethiopia, western and central Kenya as well as western half of Tanzania would experience near normal to above normal rains.
It added that the same areas could also experience dry spells due to random weather events and cyclones that might evolve suddenly during the months of March and April.
Meanwhile, areas such as northern parts of South Sudan, northern and eastern Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, eastern half of Kenya, Somalia and eastern parts of Tanzania would receive near normal to below normal rainfall.
The statement said scientists at the forum that lasted from February 18 to 20 considered sea surface temperature anomalies over the tropical global oceans with special reference to the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, monsoonal wind systems and tropical cyclone activities over Indian Ocean sub region, among other factors.
The Forum also reviewed the state of the evolving global climate system and implications for Greater Horn of Africa climatic conditions. These included the influence of emerging cooler than average sea surface temperatures over much of the western Indian Ocean together with prevailing low and medium level atmospheric circulation and monsoonal wind systems with moisture distribution impacts in the whole region over the period from March – May 2013.
The climate changes are expected to cause a range of impact on sectors such as agriculture, health, water, food security and disaster risk management in the regions.
Everline Komutunga, an Agro meteorologist at Uganda’s National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), said the frequency and severity of droughts and floods have increased demonstrating climate variability and causing greater vulnerability.
She explained that there is also limited information on onset and duration of rainfall among farmers adding that the idea to translate the information in local languages is yet to be implemented.
Most parts of Uganda experienced heavy rains early in 2013, with experts warning farmers not to rush to plant their crops as the rains would soon stop.