Experts: Prepare for Worst Climate

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In short
Pachauri says the oceans have absorbed most of the extra heat that has been observed over the last 10 years, leading to a general rise in water temperatures.

New scientific evidence warns of more severe and adverse effects of climate change as global temperature continues to rise.

In its report presented to the UN Climate Change Conference in Lima, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change-IPCC says the temperature rise has reached unprecedented levels in the recent past. 
 
While addressing global leaders, environmentalists and civil society groups in Peru, Rajendra Pachauri, the IPCC chair said the scientific case for prioritizing action on climate change was clearer than ever before but not much is being done to reduce global temperature.  
 

He said findings from 5th IPCC report pointed to the fact that mankind was responsible for the increase in air and sea temperatures adding that, the impacts are already underway across all continents.

Pachauri says the oceans have absorbed most of the extra heat that has been observed over the last 10 years, leading to a general rise in water temperatures.


He warns the rise in temperature is set to inflict what he severe, widespread, and irreversible impacts" on people and the natural world.


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The stark report states that climate change has already increased the risk of severe heatwaves and other extreme weather and warns of worse effects such as food shortages and violent conflicts. 


The report based on findings by thousands of scientists under the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), is the first since 2007 to bring together all aspects in tackling climate change.


It says that it is economically affordable; that carbon emissions will ultimately have to fall to zero; and that global poverty can only be reduced by halting global warming. The report also makes clear that carbon emissions, mainly from burning coal, oil and gas, are currently rising to record levels, not falling.

The report, which was released at the opening of the conference on Monday, has been used by negotiators from developing countries under The African Group, G77 and China to push industrialized countries to reduce their carbon emissions.  

Rene Orellana, the chair of the Group of 77 and China said developing countries were not showing enough commitment in reducing emissions.  

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Uganda, which belongs to both the African Groups and G77 and China negotiating group has reflected part of these concerns in a report to be presented on Wednesday. 

Dr. Kisamba Mugerwa, the Chairperson National Planning Authority to URN in an interview in Lima that he hopes that by end of the conference, negotiators will agree on targets towards zero emissions in order to avoid 2C degree temperature increase.